The Carbon Dioxide Story

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When the Climate Church had not yet replaced science with ideology, scientists still were at liberty to publish unbiased research, without risking their reputation. On April 2, 2002, Daniel Rothman published a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (volume 99, pages 4167-4171). After a good deal of corrections (that IPCC journalists have no idea about), Rothmann shows his final result:



Carbon dioxide levels normalized on the present (400 parts per million)
The grey bars at the top indicate ice ages
The letters at the top abscissa stand for geological periods: Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary

Two important features strike us immediately:

  • never have carbon dioxide levels been as low as today (400 ppm)
  • on the 50 million year time scale, no correlation exists between carbon dioxide and temperature

Since the NASA screwed the moon-landing project, it only reached the news with denying its highly sophisticated fake (I believed it for many years). Now they apparently decided to dedicate the American tax-payers’ money to another fake project: brainwashing citizens into believing something is wrong with human production of carbon dioxide. They try to scare us with these graphs:



NASA crackpots mimic Mann’s hockey stick



This is what you get if you tell only a tiny part of the story. Moreover, the hockey stick temperature increase is as fraudulent as was Michael Mann’s hockey stick carbon dioxide increase.





Maximum Residence Time of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Before it is Absorbed by the Oceans

On average, the scientific studies point to a maximum residence time (a measure for the time that the oceans need to correct for an imbalance of atmospheric carbon dioxide) of 8 years. The IPCC takes 100 years as a norm, which is 12 times the scientifically established number.



Furthermore, As shown by Caillon et al. in Science 299 (2003) 1728, the atmospheric CO2 concentration does not lead changes in global temperature, but it lags them:



When the time scales are displaced by 800 years, atmospheric CO2 variations exactly superpose with global temperature variations.

Hence, whatever smart guys might tell you, a rise in carbon dioxide does not cause a rise in temperature, but quite obviously, a rise in temperature causes the oceans to release carbon dioxide. Interestingly, one of the coauthors of the Caillon paper, Jeff Severinghaus, is not able to tell the difference between a negative and a positive number. I wonder what such a guy is doing at UCSD. Could he not dedicate some of his precious time to demonstrating his claim that CO2 causes global warming? On non-scientific sites, Severinghaus states that “warmings take about 5000 years to be complete. The lag is only 800 years. All that the lag shows is that CO2 did not cause the first 800 years of warming, out of the 5000 year trend. The other 4200 years of warming could in fact have been caused by CO2, as far as we can tell from this ice core data. The 4200 years of warming make up about 5/6 of the total warming. So CO2 could have caused the last 5/6 of the warming, but could not have caused the first 1/6 of the warming.” Too bad there is no reference to the scientific literature. Follows some more incomprehensible babbling. In his conclusion, Jefferinghaus demolishes the basis of his own contention: “So, in summary, the lag of CO2 behind temperature doesn’t tell us much about global warming”. Pathetic!

And since when is CO2 a dangerous gas at all? Today, we have an obvious shortage of it. Below a result taken from a European Journal of Plant Pathology paper by Zhou et al. (EJPP 2019 vol. 154, p. 31):



Quantification of Botrytis cinerea (a necrotrophic fungus causing bunch rot) disease symptoms on leaves of Arabidopsis plants grown under three concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (high, ambient, low). Disease severity of the inoculated leaves was scored in three classes, four days after inoculation. Percentage of leaves in each class was calculated per plant.
Representative leaves showing disease symptoms of Arabidopsis plants (a variety called Col-0), four days after inoculation with Botrytis cinerea.
Bacterial titers of Pst (Puccinia striiformis tritici, a bacterium causing stripe rust in wheat) in leaves of Arabidopsis plants. Bacterial population densities were determined five days after inoculation. Pseudomonas syringae is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium with polar flagella, and an infectious plant pathogen.



Stomatal apertures in plant leaves allow for atmospheric CO2 assimilation. A less beneficial effect of increased stomatal apertures, is the evaporation of water: the larger the aperture, the easier the uptake of CO2, and the easier the evaporation of water. In dry regions it is of crucial importance to increase atmospheric CO2 levels: it is by far the cheapest way to turn deserts back into the gardens they once were. Of course, the IPCC mafia is not interested in tropical countries: little can be plucked from featherless chicken. For a review of water loss and CO2 assimilation for plants in natural environments, I refer to Schulze & Hall (1982) in Physiological Plant Ecology II vol 12.





Slightly opened stomata in a plant leaf